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International Journal for Research Trends and Innovation
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ISSN Approved Journal No: 2456-3315 | Impact factor: 8.14 | ESTD Year: 2016
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Impact Factor : 8.14

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Paper Title: Assess the prevalence of tuberculosis among the family members of PLHA sputum positive tuberculosis, through contact tracing in a selected district.
Authors Name: Athira George
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IJRTI_184175
Published Paper Id: IJRTI2210024
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 10, October-2022
DOI:
Abstract: Objectives of study: The main objective of the study was to screen the family members of PLHA with Sputum Positive for Tuberculosis and find t the prevalence of tuberculosis among the family members of PLHA with Sputum Positive Tuberculosis in a selected district. Methods: A cross sectional exploratory cohort study was conducted among 122 family members of 34 index cases. Each contact was screened for symptoms of tuberculosis like cough, cold, fever, loss of appetite, severe weight loss, night sweats and lymph node enlargement and symptomatically positive patients were instructed to undergo CBNAAT and chest X-ray. Results: From 122 contacts 17 were symptomatically positively with an average of 13.93% whereas 100 (81.97%.) were screened non-symptomatically. 17 symptomatically positive contacts were instructed to undergo for CBNAAT and chest x–Ray. CBNAAT testing was done for 7 (41.7%) individuals whereas the other 10 contacts (58.82%) were reluctant to provide sputum for CBNAAT. Among the 7 contacts who were tested for CBNAAT, M. TB was not detected in any of the samples. Despite Chest x-Ray was mandatory for all the 17 symptomatically positive patients, only 5 (29.41%) came willingly for radiological test. No significant impressions related to pulmonary Tuberculosis was ruled out in the Chest x-Ray. On the other hand 12 (70.59%) contacts were uncooperative for radiographic screening. Conclusion: No any prevalence case of tuberculosis found among the family members of PLHA with Sputum Positive Tuberculosis in the selected population .Lack of cooperation for diagnostic screening test and drop-outs of the contact persons during the research study was the main challenge faced during contact tracing. Routine programmatic campaigns, large scale community awareness, patient counselling on problem solving should be included to promote the knowledge regarding the importance of investigations required to promote the health of the contacts.
Keywords: Tuberculosis , PLHA sputum positive tuberculosis, Contact tracing.
Cite Article: "Assess the prevalence of tuberculosis among the family members of PLHA sputum positive tuberculosis, through contact tracing in a selected district.", International Journal of Science & Engineering Development Research (www.ijrti.org), ISSN:2455-2631, Vol.7, Issue 10, page no.182 - 185, October-2022, Available :http://www.ijrti.org/papers/IJRTI2210024.pdf
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ISSN: 2456-3315 | IMPACT FACTOR: 8.14 Calculated By Google Scholar| ESTD YEAR: 2016
An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 8.14 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator
Publication Details: Published Paper ID: IJRTI2210024
Registration ID:184175
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 10, October-2022
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 182 - 185
Country: Peravoor, Kerala, India
Research Area: Health Science 
Publisher : IJ Publication
Published Paper URL : https://www.ijrti.org/viewpaperforall?paper=IJRTI2210024
Published Paper PDF: https://www.ijrti.org/papers/IJRTI2210024
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ISSN: 2456-3315
Impact Factor: 8.14 and ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2016

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