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International Journal for Research Trends and Innovation
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Volume 4 | Issue 5

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Paper Title: Review of First and Second Generation Bio-fuels - Production & Use as alternate fuels in CI Engines
Authors Name: Atul V Kulkarni , Dr. R S Jahagirdar
Unique Id: IJRTI1805018
Published In: Volume 3 Issue 5, May-2018
Abstract: A sustainable resource of energy contributes in growth of sustainable economic and industrial fields. The ‘first-generation’ bio-fuels appear unsustainable because of the potential stress that their production places on food commodities. For organic chemicals and materials these needs to follow a bio refinery model under environmentally sustainable conditions. Where these operate at present, their product range is largely limited to simple materials (i.e. cellulose, ethanol, and bio-fuels). Second generation bio refineries need to build on the need for sustainable chemical products through modern and proven green chemical technologies such as bio processing including pyrolysis, Fisher Tropsch, and other catalytic processes in order to make more complex molecules and materials on which a future sustainable society will be based. This review focus on cost effective technologies and the processes to convert biomass into useful liquid biofuels and bio products, with particular focus on some bio refinery concepts based on different feedstock’s aiming at the integral utilization of these feedstock’s for the production of value added chemicals.
Keywords: Bio-fuels, Esterification, Feedstock, Bio-products
Cite Article: "Review of First and Second Generation Bio-fuels - Production & Use as alternate fuels in CI Engines", International Journal of Science & Engineering Development Research (, ISSN:2455-2631, Vol.3, Issue 5, page no.86 - 89, May-2018, Available :
Downloads: 000839
Publication Details: Published Paper ID: IJRTI1805018
Registration ID:180169
Published In: Volume 3 Issue 5, May-2018
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
ISSN Number: 2456 - 3315
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